John Girdle

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

I have used electric scooters for a while now and they’re my go to means of commuting short distances. They’re compact, easy to use, quite dangerous at times, fast moving and are available at various hubs in the city making them easily accessible quite like electric bikes. 

But the one thing you need to remember apart from storing the electric scooter safely is to keep the batteries charged. Having ready-to-go charged batteries for your electric scooter makes owning it all the more convenient. 

But how do you charge an electric scooter?

With the advancement in battery and charging technology, charging your electric scooter has become easier than before. Typically, anyone will plug their charger into a power source and the scooter’s batteries will get charged. Now you wouldn’t need the scooter itself to have the batteries charged, you can simply unplug the battery and charge it separately. 

Sounds easy right? Unfortunately there are a few complications and key points you will have to follow while charging your electric scooter. 

Let me take you through How to charge an Electric Scooter and the checklist to be followed while doing so.

Currently, there are only two ways you can charge your Electric Scooter:

  • Plugging your Electric Scooter Directly to a Wall Outlet Power Source
  • Charging a Removable Battery

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

Charging your electric scooter may seem like it’s going to be an impossible feat to have a charging dock occupying space in your garage. 

Electric Scooters are not that complicated, you just need to plug in the scooter to any power source in your home or office and voila, charged batteries. 

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

Depending on the model of your Electric Scooter, there are two methods by which you can recharge its batteries:

  • Plugging your Electric Scooter Directly to a Wall Outlet Power Source
  • Charging a Removable Battery

Both are pretty down to earth and as mentioned earlier, charging a removable battery can only be done if the electric scooter comes with a removable battery and is specified by the manufacturers themselves. 

Do not attempt to remove the battery as this can void the warranty and can be dangerous.

Plugging your Electric Scooter Directly to a Wall Outlet Power Source

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

The standard method to charge your electric scooter is by plugging the scooter directly to any power source. This is by far the most common used method and  has proven to be pretty effective.

  • You need to locate the charging terminal on your electric scooter. This unit is normally located underneath the floor-board with a rubber nozzle protecting the socket from water damage.
  • Remove the nozzle and plug in the charger firmly until you hear a click. 

Make sure the charger is the original charger and uses the right voltage, you DO NOT want to ruin your electric scooter or its battery by using an incorrect charger.

  • Now that the charger is connected firmly to the scooter, connect the other end of the charger to a wall plug socket. A standard one should do but if you’re looking for a bit more protection you can use a surge protector with an in-built fuse.
How to Charge an Electric Scooter
  • Once you turn on the switch for your power source the LED charging indicator will begin to blink telling you that the batteries are in the process of getting recharged.
  • Once the electric scooter has been charged, turn off the switch and remove the charger from the wall socket and the scooter. Make sure to remember to fit back the nozzle/charging socket cap so it does not get damaged.

Charging a Removable Battery

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

Most electric scooter manufacturers have made a few changes to how you can charge their products, making it easier and more convenient than before.

This is possible thanks to the use of removable batteries rather than the traditional non-removable mounted battery packs. Make sure you have the electric scooter with removable batteries before you start pulling your scooter apart. 

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

This is a generic step-by-step as some of the electric scooters will have a slightly different configuration so make sure you read the owners manual before proceeding with your electric scooter.


  • First and foremost, you need to locate the battery bay. This is normally situated under the floor-board of the electric scooter. Take out your tool kit and with a screwdriver remove the screws holding the battery bay in place.
  • Most batteries come with cables with plastic tips that lock in place, remove them carefully to slide the battery out. Other older models will have a bolt holding the wire down in place, using a wrench carefully take out the bolt to reveal the wire.
  •  Once the wire has been detached, lift the battery out of the hub and place it flat on a sturdy table. 
  • Take the two ends of the battery wire and plug them into the corresponding adapter to charge, like a power brick for the removable battery. You will hear a click when they’re connected.

Make sure that the red cable always goes into the positive terminal and the black goes in the negative terminal, changing polarity will damage the battery.

  • If you’re using an older model you can connect the exposed wires to a two-pronged charger that comes with the scooter. This has a clip located within that holds the exposed wires in place for charging. 

Here the cables have to be attached with their corresponding colors, connect the red wire of the battery with the red wire of the charger and the black cable of the battery with the black wire of the charger.

  • Now proceed to plug in the charger to the wall socket power source to charge. 
  • The red light on the charger will turn on when there’s current flow and the battery is charging successfully.

The charger should always be the one you received with the electric scooter or at least a replacement provided by the company for that particular model of scooter. Using a charger with incorrect voltage or one that’s not made for your model can damage the battery.

How long do you Need to Charge your Electric Scooter for?

To know how long your electric scooter must remain plugged in for, you first have to know what type of battery is powering your electric scooter. 

Electric scooters come with three available battery types and these can be charged anywhere between 2-4 hours and some will take 12 hours.

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

Lithium-ion Batteries

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

These batteries are lightweight and are not commonly used in electric scooters. They’re so portable that they can be charged to full capacity within 2-4 hours.

They charge faster and last quite long so you would not have to change the battery for up to 4 to 5 years from the day it’s bought. 

Lithium-ion batteries can be quite expensive but if they’re looked after right, they can last you well over 3000 charging cycles. 

Lead-Acid Batteries

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

The Lead-Acid batteries are more commonly used and seem to be the oldest kind of battery to power the electric scooter. 

Compared to Lithium-ion batteries, lead-acid will allow you to cover longer distances as the higher Ah (ampere-hour) rating of the battery allows it to do so.

Lead-Acid batteries are rather affordable and charge slowly, taking them up to 12 hours at a time to attain full charge.

NiCad Batteries

How to Charge an Electric Scooter

Nicd or Nicad batteries are those larger batteries that have a nickel anode and a cadmium cathode with a potassium hydroxide electrolyte in them.

These batteries are relatively good but are rather heavy and not a recommended power source.

Nicd batteries have to be drained completely before they can be recharged and this caused a lot of problems in the past. Though they’re much cheaper than Lithium-ion and Lead-Acid batteries they’re the least used kind of batteries to be used in an electric scooter.

So ultimately the time you need to keep your battery on charge depends on the type of battery it is. For Li-ion batteries it’s 2-4 hours, lead-acid batteries take about 12 hours to charge and NiCad batteries can only be charged once they’re completely drained and will take about 12-18 hours to completely charge.

How Long can a Battery Last on an Electric Scooter?

Batteries on electric scooters have different life times depending on their make, voltage and usage. On average, electric scooter batteries have a lifespan of anywhere between 2-4 years with about 1000 charging cycles being carried out. 

The life of the battery is difficult to assess as the numbers fluctuate if the battery is charged often or if it’s not looked after in the appropriate manner. 

How to Make your Electric Scooter Battery Last Longer?

As with every electrical gadget out there, you can prolong the life of your electric scooter battery by following a few simple techniques.

  • Make sure to always charge your batteries after each ride.
  • Charging your electric scooter battery up to 70-80% before taking a vacation can help increase its lifespan and preserve the battery..
  • Always use the recommended charger that comes with the product, using local or wrong chargers for the battery will result in you damaging your battery.
  • Exposing your battery to sun, heat, water or rain will damage it and in order for the battery to last longer it’s ideal to park your electric scooter in a dry and dark room when not in use.
  • If you’re contemplating charging your battery as soon as you complete your ride, as a suggestion, wait for 10-25 minutes for the battery to cool off completely before plugging in the charger.


Charging your Battery must always be carried out in a safe and protected manner. They are easy to unplug if you’re using an electric scooter with a removable battery or if not then they’re still pretty portable so the scooter can be taken physically into your home or office to be charged.

Make sure to always follow the instructions laid out by the manufacturer and never over charge your batteries.

How do I know if my Electric Scooter is charging?

If your charger is connected in the right fashion with the battery you’ll see a red light blink on the charger unit. Once the battery has been charged completely, the color of the light will turn green as an indicator your battery is ready to be unplugged.

How do I charge my Electric Scooter without a charger?

It’s not recommended to charge your electric scooter without a certified charger. Connecting the battery to jumper cables and other sources of current will only damage the battery. It’s best to buy a new charger or find your old one than spend hundreds more on procuring a new battery.

How Do I know that my electric scooter battery is low?

With electric scooters you  will be able to tell if your battery is low when the performance of the scooter drops. On some newer models that have display units, you’ll be shown the battery percentage in real-time o you’ll know when it’s ideal to charge the electric scooter’s battery.

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Why You Should Get An eBike

I have always been a motorcycle enthusiast who preferred the weekend cycle run. Little did I know at the time that I would be giving up my motorbike and cycle for a more economical and environment friendly mode of transport. 

All it took was one day on an eBike to show me another side of life that i had never explored. Two years down the line I’m happy with my eBike and have no regrets.

Let me tell you what changed my mind and why it is a good idea for you to get into the whole eBiking scene.

Riding an eBike is Fun
You Get to Workout on your eBike
Cuts your Expenses / Saves you some Money
eBikes are a Fast and Flexible Means of Transportation
Electric Bikes are Environmentally Friendly
eBikes Come with a Variety of Designs
eBikes Come with Removable Battery Cases
Owning an Electric Bike saves Storage Space
eBikes are Great for Climbing Hills

Why You Should Get An eBike

To own an eBike with a pandemic looming over our heads is a great way to feel safe and secure, creating your own little bubble everywhere you go. It beats closed off modes of transportation such as subway services, buses, trams and cars.

Owning an electric bike lets you feel younger, visit new places and take trips on a budget with ease. 

Here are some of the reasons why joining the eBike revolution is beneficial to you in the long run.

Riding an eBike is Fun

Why you Should get an eBike

Who said you have to be young to have fun? eBikes are meant for everyone and the best part is that they are so lightweight and smooth to ride that they can be fun most of the time.

Electric bikes are fun to use modes of transportation as compared to driving a car or sitting in a bus. 

With eBikes you get out more often, you’re able to feel the wind blowing through your hair, the thrill of riding fast and being able to get your heart racing with a broad grin across your face are a few of the things that make owning an eBike a great idea.

The main factor behind why riding an eBike is so much fun as compared to riding a traditional cycle is the fact that you have a feature called pedal assist that converts your regular cycling experience into a full blown biking one with the help of the hub motor. 

You Get to Workout on your eBike

Why you Should get an eBike

Not as much as you would on a normal cycle but so much more than sitting on a bus or taking a cab. Riding an eBike is the solution to all those times you regretted not going to the gym because you were stuck at work or you simply didn’t have time.

Replacing the ways you normally commute with an electric bike will give you the assurance that you’re  at least going to get ‘some’ workout done even if you’re not hitting the gym.

Riding an eBike lets you burn anywhere between 280-350 calories making it the perfect addition in enhancing your healthy lifestyle.

One great workout that you can try with an eBike is to ride uphill without any throttle assistance and then on the way back home make use of the throttle assist and ride freely.

Cuts your Expenses / Saves you some Money

Why you Should get an eBike

Buying an electric bike is not cheap, the good ones are retailed between $1000 – $2500 while there are some which are priced at a higher rate because they’re simply jaw-dropping. 

Practically speaking, owning an electric bike resolves all your financial worries if you play your cards right. 

  • Owning a car comes with hidden costs like insurance renewal, parking charges, service costs, change of parts, new tires, speeding tickets and so many more.
  • The money you end up spending on a regular basis for your electric bike would be just a few cents worth of electricity to recharge your batteries and maybe the occasional service or change of battery. 
  • You save on fuel expenses if you own a car or motorcycle so using an eBike helps save you an easy $500+ per month on these miscellaneous expenses.
  • The amount you spend to service your eBike is only a fraction of what you’d spend quarterly on your car or bike service. This is because there are less parts to work on in an eBike and takes lesser time to have one serviced.

eBikes are a Fast and Flexible Means of Transportation

Why you Should get an eBike

The technology that’s used in electric bikes is what gives you the ability to cover vast distances with little effort. The powerful high capacity battery coupled with a high performance hub motor and a throttle system can get you traveling at speeds of up to 20 miles per hour.

Owning an eBike gives you access to bike routes laid up across cities, this lets you evade the rush hour traffic and get to work earlier than you could have.

They’re flexible to use and can be switched from Manual to Throttle mode with the twist of your wrist.

With an electric bike you can fold it up and carry it with you on your trips. This unique ability to take your eBike anywhere is what makes it a great choice as compared to a regular bicycle or a bike.

Electric Bikes are Environmentally Friendly

Why you Should get an eBike

Two global issues that can blow out of proportion if we don’t play our part correctly are Global Warming and Climate change. Owning an eBike and using it in place of cars and motorcycles for your daily commute can help the earth heal itself on the long run.

eBikes consume less energy and do not rely on fossil fuels to run. However, they do emit small amounts of CO2 on a daily basis which is still a fraction of what is emitted by cars or motorcycles.

They are the most environment friendly electric vehicle in the market and this is because of the small quantities of rare earth elements used to manufacture the battery. Apart from that and the fact that batteries and tires have to be maintained, eBikes are much safer to own and use than conventional modes of transportation.

eBikes Come with a Variety of Designs

Why you Should get an eBike

With technology advancing at the rate that it is, anything is possible. As electric bike companies grow, they tend to produce a variety of designs to accommodate everyone’s needs

eBikes are available in all sizes, high and low seating arrangement, fat and thin tires, step-through or standard bike frame, range of motor sizes and battery capacities covering a wide range of personal requirements. 

However, if none of the eBike variants appeal to you, then rest assured that somewhere down the line there will be one made to suit your needs.

eBikes Come with Removable Battery Cases

Why you Should get an eBike

Charging an eBike has never been easier. Most come with removable battery packs you can unplug and carry in-doors to be recharged. 

What makes this a compelling feature is that you can charge your battery from the comfort of your office so that you’ll have a fully charged battery to use on the way back. 

Even in the case of overnight charging, simply detach the battery case at home and plug it in to charge, when you wake up you will have a fully charged battery at your disposal.

Owning an eBike with a removable battery pack can be the most convenient thing ever. You get to charge your battery anywhere and won’t have to worry about the battery getting damaged in the rain or someone robbing the battery from your eBike.

Owning an Electric Bike saves Storage Space

Why you Should get an eBike

eBikes are compact modes of transport and are not extremely heavy to carry.  For city dwellers storage is not always an option especially if you’re living in a flat. 

Unlike a motorcycle or regular cycle, eBikes can actually be folded and stored without occupying too much space. With this fold-able feature you won’t have to worry about your eBike getting stolen from the street-side and carrying it around with you is easier, be it by car or on the subway.

Fold-able eBikes have always been an adventurers favorite since they can be moved and stored easily in a bag. This makes it easier to have your eBike shipped to other places without having to pay higher amounts for the shipping.

eBikes are Great for Climbing Hills

Have you ever taken your cycle on a trip to a hilltop only to struggle while climbing to the top? With an eBike that is no longer a concern.

Usually equipped with a range of power modes to tackle any situation, eBikes can make your uphill ride a breeze. Twisting the throttle will kick the hub motor into automatic mode, giving you that extra push you need.

Most mountain bikers prefer using an eBike because it allows them to spend less time on the climb and more time navigating the descent (the fun part of mountain biking).

Cons of buying an eBike

Though buying an eBike is a great investment in the long run for a variety of reasons, they do have one or two negative sides to buying one.

  • eBikes are not cheap, as i mentioned before they range from $1000 to well over $2500. Though they don’t require you to spend money every time you use them, they still cost a lot of money.
  • Storing an eBike in a room for a long period of time like over the winter would require you to look after controlling the climate of the room so the metallic components do not rust. 
  • Buying an eBike is not for everyone as some states have laws in place to regulate the use of electric bikes, where you’d have to have a valid license, wear all the required protective gear and follow a designated set of rules.
  • eBike batteries are not always reliable, the more they’re used and recharged the faster they will have to be replaced. 


Getting an eBike is beneficial to users both young and old. I think that with more people getting into using eBikes on a daily basis, we’re sure to live long and healthy lives. 

They’re fun to use, great for a workout on the side and are environment friendly. While using an eBike however, make sure you always stay protected and stay in the designated bike lanes, there are many out there who ride with no care in the world. Your life is precious, make it last.

Do Electric Bikes make Cycling easier?

eBikes do make cycling easier, it’s more convenient and less effort is used. Pedal assist and Full Throttle modes can assist with your ride in case you’re tired or have issues with your knees.

Can we ride an eBike without a Battery?

Yes. At times when you need to charge your battery but also have to step out to the grocery store all you will need to do is unplug the battery from the cycle and pedal away to the grocery store.

Can we ride an eBike in the rain?

Yes. Electric bikes have been designed to have water-resistant wiring and can tolerate rain. You can ride the eBike in the rain but there’s only one thing you must remember if you do so. You must wipe the bike dry. There are metallic components that may rust if they’re left damp or wet.

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Why You Should Never Buy A New Car

Over the last few months, I have been looking to buy a sparingly used car to get me from A to B with no hassle. Being a motorcycle enthusiast, normally I would not have the desire to buy a car but with the sudden shifts in weather patterns, I decided that maybe it was high time I did.

During my search I happened to come across a few ads for some of the latest cars in the market and what caught my eye was the financing promotion on all of them from different agencies and banks. This made me realize that it’s safer and much cheaper to buy a used car for half the price sans the latest features and be happy with it.

Let me take you through the reasons why you should never buy a new car and why opting for a used car is the green way to go.

  • Buying a New Car Costs More on The Long Run
  • Value for New Cars Depreciate Faster
  • Pay More Taxes and Registration Fees for New Cars
  • Expect to Pay Higher Insurance Premiums 
  • New Cars Can Lead to Thefts
  • It is a Constant Expense Rather Than an Investment
  • Buying A New Car Can Have Adverse Effects On The Environment

Why You Should Never Buy A New Car

Buying a brand new car should not be on your agenda, neither now or anytime in the future. Though it does have it’s own advantages and disadvantages, making a wise choice can save you some money on the long run. 

Let’s go over the major reasons why investing in a new car is a bad idea.

Buying a New Car Costs More on The Long Run

why buying a new car is a bad idea

People have been talking about how buying a new car makes financial sense, but this is truly not the case. Buying a new car is not always about that initial payment you make at the dealership before picking the car up. No, it actually includes a lot more such as dealership fees and regular maintenance. 

Getting a new car depends on your ability to pay for it. Without the right financial backing and planning, a new car can lead to numerous financial problems in the long run, that’s if you’re not earning a 6 figure salary.

For Example: A brand new Toyota Highlander 4WD costs $34,810 for the 17.9 gallon model, a used Highlander that is slightly older but in pristine condition is available for $9,999, nearly 3.4 times cheaper than the latest model.

While opting for the used car, you won’t have to pay more to have it registered or buy a longer insurance premium. The only factor to consider here on out is maintenance and renewal of the insurance on a regular basis. 

Value for New Cars Depreciate Faster

disadvantages of buying a new car

A car’s value depreciates as soon as it’s driven away from the dealership, sedans and high-end electric cars lose their value at a faster rate when compared to SUVs and pick-up trucks. The value of a car depreciates over time and the older it gets, the more value is lost. 

To calculate the average depreciation of your new car, you’d have to keep the following in mind.

  • Make and Model: The primary reason why SUVs and sports cars have the lowest depreciation value is because of their usability and the desire to own one. Sedans and eCars on the other hand lose their value at a faster pace because they’re not sought after and would cost more to own one.
  • Mileage: The more distance the car has covered, the less value it carries. Once you buy a new car you’re bound to take it for a spin and cover as many miles as you can in the first week. The drawback here is that the more you travel in  your new car, the more likely it is to end up selling for an extremely cheap price. 
  • Condition: Cars in a bad condition will cost less than those being sold in pristine condition. This is a fact with any used item, even cars for that matter. A new car normally does not have even a single dent or scratch, but even a single scratch or dent to the fender can result in a significant loss to the resale value of the car.

This has proven that buying a new car is not always a wise choice in today’s world.

Pay More Taxes and Registration Fees for New Cars

Since most states in the U.S have sales taxes and registration fees that are collected on every car purchase, it has been recorded that we pay nearly twice as much on sale’s tax and registration fee for a new car as compared to an older used car. 

Since we’re talking about the Toyota Highlander let’s see what it all comes up to.

  • The Sales Tax of California for a new Toyota Highlander bought in the year 2020 comes up to $3,307 while the Registration fee is $435. 
Why You Should Never Buy A New Car

Now compare that to the Sales tax and registration fee for a used Highlander form the year 2009.

  • Sales tax on a used Toyota Highlander from 2009 comes up to $1,045 while the Registration fee is $30.
Why You Should Never Buy A New Car

These numbers are significantly different from each other simply because the overall value for the car has dropped from the time of purchase.

Expect to Pay Higher Insurance Premiums

You can expect higher insurance premiums while buying a new car as compared to an older used car. The rates will depend on the kind of insurance provider you pick along with the state the car is registered in, the age and price of the car. 

  • New cars have higher rates because their retail value is greater, used cars are overall cheaper and have lower insurance premiums.
  • For a new 2020 Toyota Highlander monthly insurance premiums would lie in around $115 to $180 depending on the insurance provider.
    • National General – $180.00
    • Infinity – $156.00
    • SafeAuto – $119.00
  • On the other hand, for a used 2009 Toyota Highlander the monthly premiums range anywhere between $50 to $100 based on the provider.
    • National General – $91.00
    • Kemper – $88.00
    • Infinity – $55.00

New Cars Can Lead to Thefts

Though not all cars get broken into, it’s safer to have an older used car as they are not what thieves normally break into. This can depend on the condition of your car as well. 

There is a list of cars models that are frequently stolen the most and the numbers are shocking. Reading this piece has made me skeptical about buying a new car.

The newer the model, the more features and updated parts are included, this is a beacon for thieves to break into or even steal the whole car.

It Is A Constant Expense Rather Than An Investment

Without realizing you would end up paying a lot more over the course of a couple of years with a new car than you would if you had to choose a used car. 

This happens in the form of a domino effect; 

  • If you bought a new car by applying for a loan then you’re liable to pay extra to the banks in the form of interest and this carries on until the whole amount borrowed is paid back, by then you’re out a couple hundred to thousand dollars only on interest being paid to the bank.
  • Then you would be renewing your insurance premium at a higher rate than a used car
  • You will have to pay for the quarterly service and maintenance
  • If you’re in an accident and the new car is damaged pretty bad you’d have to shell out a bomb to the service center to have the parts replaced. Whereas, with a used car parts are cheaper and these can be serviced at local garages rather than the brand service center itself.

Buying A New Car Can Have Adverse Effects On The Environment

Yes, you read that right. New cars do in fact have adverse effects on the environment and this is mainly because of the number of cars on the roads already. Adding another one no matter how “Green” it may be does not help much in reducing the carbon footprint we leave behind on a daily basis. 

If everybody decides to buy either only used cars or electric vehicles then we may be able to reduce some of the damage done. New cars will only increase traffic jams, crowded parking lots, and an increase in pollution levels.

There are many factors to take into consideration before purchasing a new or used car. In general, cars in the broad sense (from manufacturing plants to drivers on the road) are one of the primary causes for our current levels of air pollution and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Fuel demand greatly increases when there are more cars on the road. 

All-in-All owning a car is not the smartest thing to do.

Pros And Cons Of Owning A New Car And A Used Car

Each has its own pros and cons making it best not to get into this topic and stick to something more ideal for our current situation, a good eBike or a new electric car.

Pros of buying a New CarCons of buying a New Car
Warranty from the manufacturer covering damages or faulty parts over a certain period of years.Much more expensive than a used car
You’re the first owner of the car making it “Your Baby”Depreciation in value starts from day 1 of owning the new car
Financing rates available are reasonably low and easy to manage.High state tax rates and registration fees
Pros of buying a Used CarCons of buying a Used Car
Cheaper than a new car by almost 40-45%Unknown usage history, number of accidents or mechanical issues
Depreciation in value is not significant from the date of purchase to the date of saleFinancing rates on used cars are greater than new cars
State taxes and Insurance premiums are much lower than a new carUsed car dealers markup their prices to get a profit on every car sold
User reviews and past owner details will be available about the specific model


I’m not telling you not to go ahead and buy a new car, that is solely up to you and if you’re able to handle the commitment. It just makes more sense to either buy a used car or ultimately choose another form of transportation if you plan on saving some money. 

With the rate at which cars are being pushed off the production line our world will soon be overrun by cars. 

I hope I have been able to convince you on why you should never buy a new car because according to me it’s simply the most ridiculous thing anyone can do.

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Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

In the race against global warming and climate change, humans are looking at better alternatives and solutions. The transport industry is one of the worst contributors to pollution, no wonder so many technologies and vehicle types are being innovated upon. 

Cars with Internal combustion engines make up for a lot of this pollution because of the number of cars running on the planet. This is why hybrid technologies, electric cars and even hydrogen fuel cell cars are becoming a thing of the present.

I am going to compare hybrid and electric cars below and list out the similarities and differences between 0them. Hybrid cars are like a middle ground between conventional gasoline-powered cars and electric cars. Let’s dive deeper: 

Electric CarsHybrid Cars
TechnologyBattery powered engineBattery and Internal Combustion Engine powered
Environmental ImpactMinimal impact if its produced and powered on clean, renewable sources of energy40-50% lower impact than ICE cars but not as good as electric cars
CostHard to produce, higher price of carsA bit higher than traditional ICE powered cars but a lot cheaper than electric cars
MaintenanceFew moving parts, lower maintenanceLots of moving part, requires higher maintenance and repairs are costlier.
Fuel Usage and Costs (Efficiency)No fuel required; very cheap to run because of the relatively cheaper prices of electricityUses petrol, more efficient and cheaper to run compared to traditional ICE-powered cars but costlier than electric cars

Hybrid vs Electric cars – What is the Environmental Impact?

Though Electric cars use batteries as their primary source of power, Hybrid cars use a combination of both gasoline and batteries as a source of power. While many consider Hybrid cars to be a cross between electric cars and gasoline cars, the damage done to the environment is not as bad as a stand-alone gasoline powered car.

Electric Cars on the other hand will utilize the energy stored within the battery to run, once this power supply has depleted you’d have to plug in the car to charge in order to use it again.

Hybrid Cars  

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Hybrid cars use two types of technologies to run, electric and an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE). Both help the car to run. The reason for using both together is to aid fuel efficiency and increase performance. There are different implementations of these technologies. These are: 

  • Parallel Hybrid: This is the most common method; both the electric motor and ICE help are connected to a common transmission. The power from works in tandem to help the car move. The transmission can be automatic, manual or continuously variable transmission (CVT).  
  • Series Hybrid: In this type, the electric motor does all the work of running. The gasoline engine is used only to recharge the battery. This makes the car run like a fully electric vehicle, smooth and mostly silent. The experience can be a little discomforting in some situations because the engine can rev at any time it needs to provide power to the battery so it can feel out of place. The BMW i3 is an example of this type of hybrid.
  • Plug-In Hybrid: Plug-in hybrid uses a battery of larger capacity which has to be charged using an external source. In this implementation, the battery allows all-electric drive for shorter range. This can help in fuel efficiency if the distances are low. The range of the battery is usually between 15 to 55 miles. The Chrysler Pacifica is an example of this type. 
  • Mild Hybrids: In the above cases, the electric motor is powerful enough to run the car on its own. In the case of mild hybrids, the electric motor can only aid the combustion engine which does most of the job. This helps in increasing efficiency and performance too.

Electric Cars 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

These are cars that run on solely electricity. They use large batteries that store electricity and these run the motors connected to the wheels. They are the future of travel because they are very friendly to the environment if done right, like moving to cleaner greener sources of energy production and better manufacturing processes.

Comparison between Hybrid Cars and Electric Cars

Let’s get into the comparison between Hybrid Cars and Electric Cars right from their inception at the manufacturing plant to the disposal of their batteries to see which will result in lesser damage to the environment.


Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Production of hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles are different. They affect the environment and cost differently.

  • Hybrid cars are easier on the environment because they don’t have huge batteries. Manufacturing electric cars have a worse effect on the environment compared to hybrid or gasoline cars. This is mostly because of the battery. 
  • The batteries use rare earth materials and manufacturing them requires a lot of energy and in turn a lot of emissions.
  • This is similar when it comes to the cost too. Hybrid cars are generally more expensive than gasoline cars but are cheaper than fully electric cars.
  • The reason hybrid cars are more expensive than gasoline cars are because of the technology. And they are cheaper than electric cars because they use relatively smaller batteries.
  • Electric cars are the costliest mostly because of the sheer size of the battery in them. 

Environmental impact 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Hybrids emits greenhouse gases because of the combustion engine. But since they have an electric engine too, the fuel used is less and so it the emission. In general, the carbon footprint of a running hybrid car is 50-60% lower.  

  • Electric cars produce no emission when running making the cars emission-free. The only caveat is the source of electricity.
  • The cleaner the source, the less the overall emission from an electric car. It the source of electricity is not clean, electric cars are responsible for the emission from producing electricity.  
  • Another type of pollution car notoriously cause is noise pollution. The conventional car equipped with an Internal combustion engine is a source of the noise. In crowded places, with a lot of traffic, this can be hectic for people walking by or on bikes.
  • Electric cars run almost silent, and hybrid cars are not as noisy as fully ICE cars. Sometimes too good can be too bad, and electric cars are an example of that in this case.

Driving Conditions 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Fuel powered cars can almost run in any part of the world with ease. Electric cars, on the other hand are powered by batteries and these rely on the surrounding conditions to work optimally.

  • Electric cars have an ideal operating temperature of 25 degrees. This is because of the lithium-ion batteries in them. If the temperature gets too high, it can have an effect on the life of battery requiring for a replacement sooner. And in colder regions, the batteries fall to a lower capacity reducing the range of the cars.  
  • Hybrid vehicles have the kind of batteries but they are not as dependent on the battery for optimal performance because if the combustion engine in them. 
  • Speed and mileage/range are different between the two types of vehicles. Hybrid cars have a mileage whereas electric cars have a range that they can cover in a single charge.

To draw parallels, I am comparing hybrid cars to gasoline-based cars. Hybrid cars more fuel-efficient than gasoline-based cars because of the electrical engine aiding the conventional engine. Therefore, hybrid cars have higher mileage. 

  • Electric cars are in a league of their own because they run extremely efficiently because therefore way less energy is wasted. The moving parts of hybrid and conventional cars are waste energy trying to run.
  • Electric cars don’t have transmissions or moving parts except for the motor connected to the wheels and the battery. Cost-wise electric cars are cheapest to run with hybrids coming in the second place and gasoline cars lagging way behind. 
  • Performance of hybrid cars are better than that of electric cars, this is evident with the fact that even F1 cars use hybrid technologies. Electric cars are surprisingly quick and can get from 0-60 miles per hour faster in most cases.
  • But hybrid cars using both an electric and gasoline engine, they can adjust to the performance demand. They are better suited, using electric for better acceleration and the combustion engine to its higher speeds. 

Battery Disposal 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

The common between both a hybrid and an electric car is the use of batteries in both of them.

  • Batteries are hard to dispose of and contain harmful chemicals. If they are not disposed of are recycled properly, they can be an environmental hazard.
  • Most hybrid and electric cars use Lithium-ion batteries. They are harmful for the environment but they can be recycled or even reused to get the best out of them. They are better than lead-acid batteries.

Still, battery disposal is an important aspect of hybrid or electric cars, the only difference being electric cars having larger batteries compared to hybrid cars. 


The battle between hybrid and electric cars is a close one, both have their advantages and disadvantages.

Personally, I would choose a hybrid car in the present and think about an electric car in the future. The reasons being lower costs compared to electric, better efficiency and better for the environment when compared to gasoline cars. But I can see electric cars getting better and cheaper and in the near future, I can fancy myself driving one.  

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How Much CO2 Do Electric Cars Produce

We have all seen advertisements on television claiming that electric cars are battery powered, hence are considered “Zero Emission”. This is an ingenious strategy major companies follow to sell their products to the large scale public.

Not only is it entirely wrong, it is also quite possible that electric cars are worse than gasoline powered cars when it comes to greenhouse gas emissions on the long run. 

In fact, the widely used term “Zero Emission” is misleading that it’s not a surprise so many companies manage to get away using it.

Everything aside, the main focus of the hour is “How much CO2 do Electric Cars produce?

The answer to this question is that electric cars do produce a significant amount of CO2 and according to research conducted by a Swedish Environment Institute, the most CO2 emitted at one time in the life of an electric car is 17.5 tons and this is only to manufacture the battery of the car.

So let’s take a look at how much CO2 electric cars produce during their life span and I’ll explain a few points to help minimize these emissions in the long run.

How Much CO2 Do Electric Cars Produce

Though your electric car may not require gas to work, there are chances that it will still utilize energy produced by burning fossil fuels. Depending on how your regional power-grid is producing electricity, your e-car may be just as harmful to the environment as a conventional gasoline car.

In states like California that are large producers of sustainable energy, owning an electric car will be a better choice than a hybrid. Whereas if you’re residing in the South where electricity is generated using carbon based fuels, you will actually be promoting higher CO2 emissions. 

There are a couple of factors that have to be considered before you can actually understand how much CO2 electric cars produce:

  • How Much CO2 is Produced While Manufacturing an Electric Car?
  • Recharging your Car’s Battery: Cause of CO2 emissions or a Solution?
  • How are Electric Car Batteries Disposed of?
  • What Happens to Your Tires after they’re worn out?

How Much CO2 is Produced While Manufacturing an Electric Car?

How Much CO2 Do Electric Cars Produce

It’s important to note that during the manufacturing process of an electric car there is a significant amount of greenhouse gases that are released into the atmosphere. This is a result of the fossil fuels and rare earth elements used during this process.

  • During the manufacture process many rare earth elements like Cobalt, Nickel and Lithium are extracted, refined and manufactured into many components that will later be assembled into an electric car. 

According to Union of Concerned Scientists and the data compiled by the Swedish Environment Institute, the total carbon emitted a the time of manufacturing an electric car is 17.5 tons.

Why is this?

Well it’s mainly because electric cars have to store their energy in something equally large, like a high-capacity battery pack and the bigger the battery pack the higher the carbon emissions. 

How Much CO2 is Produced While Manufacturing an Electric Car?
  • This happens because big battery packs are made from large quantities of rare earth elements that are mined from beneath the earth. This mining process produces acid waste and radioactive residue which are not always disposed of appropriately. 
  • The manufacture of the batteries also involves refining these elements into a form best suited for a battery and there’s waste generated during this process as well. 
  • CO2 emissions during the manufacturing process also depends on which state the manufacturing plant is located in and what forms of energy are used to produce electricity to power the plant.

Recharging your Car’s Battery: Cause of CO2 emissions or a Solution?

How Much CO2 is Produced While Manufacturing an Electric Car?

At the moment, recharging your electric car will cause more CO2 emissions than act as a solution to the current problem. The amount of CO2 that is released into the environment every time you charge your car’s battery varies significantly depending on the actual source of the current and how it was produced. 

  • A power-grid normally runs on fossil fuels and unless you’re recharging your battery from a sustainable green energy source, you’re doing way more damage to the environment than a gasoline powered car.

According the a report authored by Brandon Schottle and Michael Sivak, an electric car that is recharged by a coal-powered electricity plant will produce as much CO2 as a 29 miles per gallon gasoline car. 

  • In America, solar, wind and geothermal energy perform far better than coal and other fossil fuels but unfortunately nearly 64% of the electricity produced in America is from fossil fuels and natural gas.
How Much CO2 do Electric Cars Produce
  • During the lifetime of your car’s battery, you would have released more CO2 without realizing it than those pesky gasoline cars, thus contributing more to global warming.
  • Until the entire power grid gets an upgrade and our electricity is generated in an environmentally friendly way, electric cars will be far from being considered “zero emission vehicles”. 

Now this may take some time and is not something that’s fiction, in fact some countries in Europe are depending solely on renewable sources of energy allowing them to be considered green cities as they have a very low carbon footprint. America is far from that but we’re heading in the right direction.

How are Electric Car Batteries Disposed of?

How Much CO2 do Electric Cars Produce

In the traditional sense, car batteries which are the typical lead-acid batteries are recycled within the U.S. This process is easy as it’s a composition of various fossil fuels and can ultimately be reused and recycled. 

  • The case with electric car batteries is not the same, electric car batteries are made from Lithium-ion and a composition of chemicals that deem them unfit to be recycled. 
  • Lithium–ion batteries for electric cars are either burned or dumped in a landfill at the end of their life and this process definitely does not make electric cars greener for the environment. 

What we have to take into consideration is that if there is no proper battery disposal technique in place we’re going to end up having more carbon emissions than we can handle. Dumping batteries in a landfill is not only bad for the environment but even bad for us. When these chemicals seep through the ground and enter our water supply, who knows what’s to come. 

Another great concept would be to find a way to have these Lithium-ion batteries recycled or given a second life. This will help cut down the number of batteries already in circulation and until we can figure out a permanent and Eco-friendly solution to the disposal of batteries we have to do the best with what we can and not damage the environment any more than we already have.

Tire Wear Pollution: What Happens to Your Car Tires as they Wear Out?

How Much CO2 do Electric Cars Produce

What we don’t take into mind is that rubber tires tend to release particulate matter into the environment as they wear out. Harmful particles from the heavy-duty rubber tires used are a growing problem and with larger vehicles such as trucks and electric cars that use extremely heavy batteries, more rubber is being used on their tires to withstand the load.

  • Though CO2 emissions are regulated everywhere and we know just what damage is being done, the particulate emissions from rubber tires are not regulated thus leading to higher ‘non-exhaust emissions’ in electric cars.

As compared with the regulated limit of 8 milligrams per mile of CO2 exhaust emission, rubber tires generally emit more by a factor of 1000. As noted by Emission Analytics, conditions of the road, tire inflation and budget of the tires contribute to the overall particulate emission as the tires wear out. 

Electric car tires release something called non-exhaust emissions or NEE, the complete life cycle of a rubber tire is what has a great impact on the environment. Tires that are not recycled are either dumped or burned, this is a real problem for the environment as substantial pollutants are released into the air and ground. The more tires there are in circulation the more NEE and damage is done.

Recycling and Re-Purposing Tires

How Much CO2 do Electric Cars Produce

Tires are one of those few things that can be recycled and used in the manufacturing process of other products. This can reduce the load of tires being dumped in landfills and ultimately reduce the amount of heavy metals and pollutants that are released into the ground and water. 

Tires can be repurposed to be used alternatively, making a table or set of chairs from used tires is one way you can re-purpose your old tires. Repurposed tires can be used as an affordable alternative construction material and can be used to make sustainable housing. 


From this it is possible to understand just how non Eco-Friendly electric cars truly are. Though there are no CO2 emissions from their tail pipes, electric cars do produce a substantial amount of CO2 during their lifetime. 

Maybe the world is just not ready for electric modes of transportation, maybe we are ready for it and only time can tell. Till then  it’s best we resort to public modes of transportation until technology advances to the point where we do not rely on fossil fuels or rare earth elements for the production and upkeep of an electric car.

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Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars

Humans have been so focused on moving forward, we have forgotten to look back at all the destruction we have done. Global Warming is one of the biggest foes we have created that threatens us. The main cause, excessive Greenhouse gas emission.

The buzz around electric cars is that they have a lower carbon footprint since they are zero-emission vehicles. This means that they are environmentally better suited than traditional gasoline-driven cars. Nothing is as simple as that though since different factors affect carbon footprint.

The main question at hand is, which has a lower carbon footprint, Electric Cars or Gasoline Cars?

Electric cars have lower emissions and during their entire life cycle they leave behind a lower carbon footprint per car on the road. Though they have pretty much the same manufacturing process as gasoline cars, they use an alternate source of fuel, they use recyclable batteries which can be re-used a number of times and they don’t release harmful CO2 when in use. Stats show that driving an electric car yields more miles per gallon than gasoline cars at an estimated increase of 73 mpg for electric cars.

To understand, we need to know:  

  • What is a Carbon Footprint?  
  • How do Cars Increase their Carbon Footprint?  
Electric CarsGasoline Cars
ProductionCarbon footprint due to production is around 15-68% higher. The issue is here is in producing the batteries, which are larger and inefficient to manufacture.Due to efficiency in manufacturing process, gasoline cars require less energy to produce, reducing their carbon footprint.
Energy source/FuelThe cleaner the source of electricity the lower the carbon footprint. So, depends on the region of the world.Fuel requires energy to be extracted but generally better in this regard if electric cars use fossil fuel electricity.
Emission when drivingElectric cars have no emissions and this makes them the obvious choice in this regard. Making the environment friendly and efficient.The emission from gasoline cars is probably the single biggest reason that prompted research in electric cars. They are considered harmful for the same reason.
BatteryThe batteries in electric cars are recyclable and reusable which reduce carbon footprint in the long run.Lead-acid batteries found in gasoline cars are less efficient compared to lithium ones found in their competitors. The batteries are recycled but not reused.

Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars

With the technology of electric cars still in its infancy, I figured it would be useful to you if I break down the differences between Electric Cars and Gasoline cars in terms of their carbon footprint and emissions released by them. This will help you decide on whether you should go in for an Electric car or one of the Gasoline cars.

What is Carbon Footprint?  

Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars

Carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases released by an individual, a product, an organization or a country. Carbon footprint is expressed in Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq). Carbon footprint is measured in tons of CO2 released per year. For other greenhouse gases, its supplemented in tons of CO2-equivalent gases.  

Carbon footprint is hard to measure for a single activity. For example, cooking a meal releases a certain amount of carbon footprint. But food arrives from a farm and maintaining a farm has a high carbon footprint which is not taken into account. That’s why taking carbon footprint on a large scale is a more credible way to measure CO2 emissions.  

Carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases released by an individual, a product, an organization or a country. 

Carbon Footprint of cars 

Almost everything we do is directly related to the emission of greenhouse gases. And one of the most significant sources of greenhouse gases is the use of automobiles. Conventional vehicles burn fuel to produce energy which makes the vehicle run. This process has disadvantages because of emissions from the tailpipe.   

Conventional (gasoline) car emits:  

  • Burning of the fuel lets out Nitrogen oxides. 
  • Carbon and hydrogen react to form harmful hydrocarbons. 
  • Carbon monoxide emission. 
  • And smoke because of foreign particles in the process. 

These emissions are mainly greenhouse gases and pollutants. They increase the carbon footprint, pollute the air and trap heat resulting in global warming. And this is just the emission from the engine of the car and we have to consider the production of a car.

Production of cars require energy, and we rely a lot on burning fossil fuels for energy. Extracting these fuels also require energy leading to higher carbon footprints. 

In the case of electric cars, they run on electricity, this allows them to run clean and emission-free. But manufacturing them requires energy, so this also comes under their carbon footprint. Then the electricity used to run them is not always clean and increases carbon footprint. Burning of fossil fuels is a significant source of energy.

So electric cars running on their energy are the cause of these emissions. In countries which are mostly powered by clean renewable energy, electric cars are the obvious choice.  

Comparison between Electric cars and Gasoline cars 

From their birth (production) to their death (recycling), cars cause emissions all through their lifetime. So, let us take a deeper dive: 


Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars

One might think that since electric and gasoline cars look similar in size, they require the same amount of energy to be built. But it is not the case since the engines and batteries are vastly different. Different manufacturing processes and the energy required to produce, vary a lot.  

  • Surprisingly, the production of an electric car has a higher carbon footprint than conventional cars. Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) have estimated that electric cars cause 15%-68% more emissions compared to gasoline-powered ones.  
  • Some of this boils down to requiring more energy in the manufacturing process. But the most significant outlier is the batteries in electric cars. Electric cars use lithium-ion cells compared to lead-acid ones found in gasoline cars. Lithium-ion batteries are harder to produce. And in the process, a lot more energy is spent compared to lead-acid ones.  
  • Over the years, manufacturing of gasoline-powered cars has refined and become efficient. Gasoline-powered cars trump electric ones in this area. But it is not all doom and gloom in this regard for electric cars. Manufacturers are moving to cleaner ways of production. This will only reduce the carbon footprint when it comes to producing an electric over time.  

Since electric car batteries are the outliers, companies are doing their best to get them at a lower carbon footprint. Volkswagen and LG Chem (supplier of batteries for Volkswagen) have an agreement, that the latter should only produce batteries from environmentally friendly sources. Tesla intends its production unit in Nevada to run on renewable sources of energy in the future.

Tesla and BMW are active in battery recycling programs. This helps in the reduction of carbon footprint. And finally increasing energy density of these batteries could reduce emissions by 49% reported by The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT). 

Energy source/Fuel:  

Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars

Electrics cars are regularly charged to run, and this requires electricity. Electricity production is a cause of emission depending on the way its obtained. This makes an electric car responsible for the carbon footprint of the source of electricity.

  • So, if the electricity used is produced from fossil fuels, then the car is responsible for the emissions. But if the electricity is from clean sources, emissions from these sources for far lower.
Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars
  • Therefore, on a per car basis, the carbon footprint in electric cars is lower compared to gasoline cars. This gives electric cars an advantage in almost all parts of the world.

Since countries are moving towards cleaner forms of energy production. Extracting fuel requires energy and increases the carbon footprint of gasoline cars. 


Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars

Electric cars produce zero-emission to run since they don’t burn any fuel. In this regard, there’s no competition at all.

  • In 2018, a US research found out that driving an electric car yields 80 miles per gallon(mpg) of fuel.
  • An average car running on gasoline in 2017 only yielded 24.9 mpg of fuel.

This was an increase from 2017’s estimate of 73 mpg for electric cars. The reason being the move renewable sources of energy in the US. 

Battery disposal: 

Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline Cars

Batteries of cars contain harmful chemicals and need proper and safe disposal.

  • Gasoline car batteries are dismantled and recycled for use elsewhere.
  • Electric vehicle batteries are recycled or reused as backup power in many places.

This makes them better than the batteries found in their counterparts.  


Electric cars lose out on gasoline-powered cars only when it comes to the production of the vehicles. But, considering all factors, electric cars produce lower emissions over their lifetime.

Researchers have found that electric cars in countries like Sweden and France have 70% less carbon footprint than gasoline cars. This is because of their reliability in clean energy. And in the UK its 30%. In countries like Poland, coal power plants are the main source of energy and so electric cars may have a higher carbon footprint. 

In conclusion, Electric cars are more efficient and have lower carbon footprint in 95% of the world.

This paints a picture that the emissions from electric cars are directly related to the energy source itself. With countries moving to cleaner sources of energy, the carbon footprint of electric cars is only going to reduce.  

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